Ghalamkar Hand Printed Textile

Ghalamkar Hand Printed Textile

What is Ghalamkar fabric?

The Ghalamkar Hand Printed Textile fabric is a type of Textile printing, patterned Iranian Fabric. The material is printed using patterned wooden stamps. The stamps are mostly made of pear wood which has better flexibility and density for carving and long-standing utility. Ghalamkar is also known as Kalamkari in India which is a hand-painted or block-printed cotton textile. Esfahan is one of the most critical producing cities throughout the world. It also called; Qalamkar which means rendered with pen and ink that initially produced in the same method.

A tapestry may be stamped depending on its density and size, between hundreds and tens of thousands of times. For instance, a six-person table-cloth (2 meters by 1.4 meters) should be stamped about 580 times in regular work, while with the same size up to 4000 times in an excellent job.

After finishing printing, they are, in the first stage, steamed for at least an hour to stabilize their designs. Then, taken to the riverbed and kept in some basins to be soaked well, in a significant amount of running water. Afterward, the pieces are piled in some large copper vessels containing stabilizers (liquid) and are boiled. At the same time, they are turned upside-down by some wooden sticks and washed again in the Zayandeh Rood, then spread on the banks to dry in the final stage.
The historians believe that cretonne or figured calico dates back to a historical past as old as 1700 years. Nevertheless, at the time of Safavid dynasty that is in 16 century A.D., it peaked in its glory. Since then to the present day, Isfahan has been considered as the heart of calico art where various authentic Iranian images and patterns are producing the best kinds of clothes.

Types of designs

The most common patterns and motifs used in Ghalamkar fabrics are as below.
Arabesque designs, flora and fauna designs, geometric designs, pre-Islamic designs, hunting scenes, polo games, Persian poems, Armenian and Hebrew Inscriptions, Historical landscapes, domestic and wild animals, miniatures, industrial hunters, musicians, flowers and bushes, slogans, chains, inscriptions, zurkhaneh and stadiums, ancient Persian literature, Iranian love pictures, engravings for poems especially Mohtasham Kashani’s lyrics, historical themes and events, epic tales of Ashura.

Persian Ghalamkar cloth hand printed textile
Persian Ghalamkar cloth hand printed textile

what is the application of  Ghalamkar Fabric?

• Tablecloth sheet or
• Bed cover
• Curtain
• special dress
• Bag and purse
• Praying cloth
• Napery
• Tissue
• Skirt
• High-heels or other women’s shoes

ghalamkar fabrics toranj design
Ghalamkar fabrics toranj design
Persian Ghalmkar shopping bag
Persian Ghalmkar shopping bag

How to Buy a Good Ghalamkar?

You have to pay close attention to the patterns and images on the cloth.
1-In a Ghalamkar cloth with low quality, the patterns and images are not transferred onto the fabric properly and, technically speaking, in low-quality figured calicos there is color dispersion.
2- The higher quality Ghalamkars are thicker, and the authentic ones have a laciniate or horn-shaped and curved edge.

How to maintain Ghalamkar Hand Printed Textile

• Hand washing as much as possible, do not put them in the washing machine or case using washing machine put it in 30 30 ° C water.
• Do not use bleach or strong detergents to avoid damaging the natural fibers
• Wash at a maximum of 30 ° C water
• When ironing, Select the medium heat.
• Since Ghalamkar fabrics are made of natural fibers like cotton and silk and its colors mostly are green colors, it is recommended they not be put in warm and wet places so if there are kept in close areas to be safe from insect attacks open and expose them to free air from time to time.

Where to buy Ghalamkar Fabrics?

Armita handicrafts supply you with various types of Ghalamkar Fabric for you.

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